NOAA NOAA CoastWatch • OceanWatch


CoastWatch NOAA

Help Desk email

(301) 683-3335

Ocean Color


  • Jiang, L. and M. Wang, 2013, "Identification of pixels with stray light and cloud shadow contaminations in the satellite ocean color data processing", Appl. Opt., 52, 6757-6770 (2013). doi:10.1364/AO.52.006757
  • Wang, M., X. Liu, L. Tan, L. Jiang, S. Son, W. Shi, K. Rausch, and K. Voss, 2013, "Impacts of VIIRS SDR performance on ocean color products", J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 10347-10360 (2013). doi:10.1002/jgrd.50793


  • Jiang, L. and M. Wang, 2014, "Improved near-infrared ocean reflectance correction algorithm for satellite ocean color data processing", Opt. Express, 22, 21657-21678 (2014). doi:10.1364/OE.22.021657
  • Mikelsons, K., M. Wang, L. Jiang, and M. Bouali, 2014, "Destriping algorithm for improved satellite-derived ocean color product imagery", Opt. Express, 22, 28058-28070 (2014). doi:10.1364/OE.22.028058
  • Son, S. and M. Wang, 2015, "Diffuse attenuation coefficient of the photosynthetically available radiation Kd(PAR) for global open ocean and coastal waters", Remote Sens. Environ., 159, 250-258 (2015). doi:10.1016/j.rse.2014.12.011
  • Sun, J. and M. Wang, 2014, "Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite solar diffuser calibration and its challenges using solar diffuser stability monitor", Appl. Opt ., 53, 8571-8584 (2014). doi:10.1364/AO.53.008571
  • Sun, J., M. Wang, L. Tan, and L. Jiang, 2014, "An efficient approach for VIIRS RDR to SDR data processing", IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett., 11, 2037-2041 (2014). doi:10.1109/LGRS.2014.2317553


  • Sun, J. and M. Wang, 2015, "On-orbit calibration of Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite reflective solar bands and its challenges using a solar diffuser", Appl. Opt ., 54, 7210-7223 (2015). doi:10.1364/AO.54.007210
  • Sun, J. and M. Wang, 2015, "On-orbit characterization of the VIIRS solar diffuser and solar diffuser screen", Appl. Opt ., 54, 236-252 (2015). doi:10.1364/AO.54.000236
  • Sun, J. and M. Wang, 2015, "Radiometric calibration of the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite reflective solar bands with robust characterizations and hybrid calibration coefficients", Appl. Opt ., 54, 9331-9342 (2015). doi:10.1364/AO.54.009331
  • Wang, M., W. Shi, L. Jiang, X. Liu, S. Son, and K. Voss, 2015, "Technique for monitoring performance of VIIRS reflective solar bands for ocean color data processing", Opt. Express, 23, 14446-14460 (2015). doi:10.1364/OE.23.014446
  • Xiong, X., J. Sun, J. Fulbright, Z. Wang, and J. Butler, 2015, "Lunar calibration and performance for S-NPP VIIRS reflective solar bands", IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 54, 1052-1061 (2015). doi:10.1109/TGRS.2015.2473665


  • Sun, J. and M. Wang, 2016, "VIIRS reflective solar bands calibration progress and its impact on ocean color products", Remote Sens., 8, 194 (2016). doi:10.3390/rs8030194
  • Sun, J., M. Chu, and M. Wang, 2016, "Degradation nonuniformity in the solar diffuser bidiretional reflectance distribution function", Appl. Opt ., 55, 6001-6016 (2016). doi:10.1364/AO.55.006001
  • Sun, J., X. Xiong, E. Waluschka, and M. Wang, 2016, "Suomi National Polar-Orbitting Partnership Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite polarization sensitivity analysis", Appl. Opt., 55, 7645-7658 (2016). doi:10.1364/AO.55.007645
  • Wang, M. and S. Son, 2016, "VIIRS-derived chlorophyll-a using the ocean color index method", Remote Sens. Environ., 182, 141-149 (2016). doi:10.1016/j.rse.2016.05.001
  • Wang, M., 2016, "Rayleigh radiance computations for satellite remote sensing: accounting for the effect of sensor spectral response function", Opt. Express, 24, 12414-12429 (2016). doi:10.1364/OE.24.012414
  • Wang, M., P. Naik, and S. Son, 2016, "Out-of-band effects of satellite ocean color sensors", Appl. Opt ., 55, 2312-2323 (2016). doi:10.1364/AO.55.002312
  • Wang, M., W. Shi, L. Jiang, and K. Voss, 2016, "NIR- and SWIR-based on-orbit vicarious calibrations for satellite ocean color sensors", Opt. Express, 24, 20437-20453 (2016). doi:10.1364/OE.24.020437

Sea Surface Salinity


  • Reagan, J., T. Boyer, J. Antonov, and M. Zweng (2014), Comparison analysis between Aquarius sea surface salinity and World Ocean Database in situ analyzed sea surface salinity, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 119, 8122–8140, doi:10.1002/2014JC009961.
  • SMOS Team, 2014: SMOS L2 OS Input/output data definition. SO-TN-ARG-GS-009. Issue 2, Rev 25, 5 September, 2014. ARGANS.


  • Barcelona Expert Center (2016). SMOS-BEC Ocean and Land Products Description. BEC-SMOS-0001-PD,Version 1.5. Technical report, BEC.
  • SMOS-BEC Team 2016: SMOS-BEC Ocean and Land Products Description. BEC-SMOS-0001-PD.pdf, version 1.5

Sea Surface Temperature


  • Wu, Xiangqian, W. Paul Menzel, and Gary S. Wade. "Estimation of Sea Surface Temperatures Using GOES-8/9 Radiance Measurements." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 80, no. 6 (June 1999): 1127-38.


  • Wick, Gary A., John J. Bates, and Donna J. Scott. "Satellite and Skin-Layer Effects on the Accuracy of Sea Surface Temperature Measurements from the GOES Satellites." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 19, no. 11 (November 1, 2002): 1834-48. doi:10.1175/1520-0426(2002)019<1834%3ASASLEO>2.0.CO%3B2 (2002).


  • Harris, A., and Maturi, E., Assimilation of Satellite Sea Surface Temperature Retrievals. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 84, 1575-1580, 2003. doi:10.1175/BAMS-84-11-1575
  • Liu, Gang, Alan E. Strong, and William Skirving. "Remote Sensing of Sea Surface Temperatures during 2002 Barrier Reef Coral Bleaching." Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union 84, no. 15 (April 15, 2003): 137-41. doi:10.1029/2003EO150001.
  • Thiébaux, J., Rogers, E., Wang, W., and Katz, B., A New High-Resolution Blended Real-Time Global Sea Surface Temperature Analysis. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 84, 645-656, 2003.


  • Merchant, Christopher J., and Pierre Le Borgne. "Retrieval of Sea Surface Temperature from Space, Based on Modeling of Infrared Radiative Transfer: Capabilities and Limitations." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 21, no. 11 (November 1, 2004): 1734-46. doi:10.1175/JTECH1667.1.


  • Khellah, F., P.W. Fieguth, M.J. Murray and M.R. Allen, Statistical Processing of Large Image Sequences, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens., 14, 80-93, 2005
  • Merchant, C. J., A. R. Harris, E. Maturi, and S. Maccallum. "Probabilistic Physically Based Cloud Screening of Satellite Infrared Imagery for Operational Sea Surface Temperature Retrieval." Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 131, no. 611 (October 1, 2005): 2735-55. doi:10.1256/qj.05.15.


  • Maturi, Eileen, Andy Harris, Jon Mittaz, Chris Merchant, Bob Potash, Wen Meng, and John Sapper. "NOAA's Sea Surface Temperature Products From Operational Geostationary Satellites." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 89, no. 12 (December 1, 2008): 1877-88. doi:10.1175/2008BAMS2528.1.


  • Merchant, C. J., A. R. Harris, E. Maturi, O. Embury, S. N. MacCallum, J. Mittaz, and C. P. Old. "Sea Surface Temperature Estimation from the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-12 (GOES-12)." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 26, no. 3 (March 1, 2009): 570-81. doi:10.1175/2008JTECHO596.1.


  • Dash, P., A. Ignatov, Y. Kihai & J. Sapper, 2010: The SST Quality Monitor (SQUAM). JTech, 27, 1899-1917, doi:10.1175/2010JTECHO756.1,
  • Petrenko, B., A. Ignatov, Y. Kihai, and A. Heidinger, 2010: Clear-Sky Mask for ACSPO. JTech, 27, 1609-1623
  • Reynolds, R.W., and Chelton, D.B., Comparisons of daily sea surface temperature analyses for 2007-08, J. Climate, 23, 3545-3562, 2010.



  • Donlon, C.J., Martin, M., Stark, J., Roberts-Jones, J., Fiedler, E., and Wimmer, W., The Operational Sea Surface Temperature and Sea Ice Analysis (OSTIA) system, Remote Sens. Environ., 116, 140-158, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2010.10.017, 2012.


  • Liu, Gang, Scott F. Heron, C. Mark Eakin, Frank E. Muller-Karger, Maria Vega-Rodriguez, Liane S. Guild, Jacqueline L. De La Cour, et al. "Reef-Scale Thermal Stress Monitoring of Coral Ecosystems: New 5-Km Global Products from NOAA Coral Reef Watch." Remote Sensing 6, no. 11 (November 20, 2014): 11579-606. doi:10.3390/rs61111579.
  • Petrenko, B., A. Ignatov, Y. Kihai, J. Stroup, P. Dash, 2014: Evaluation and Selection of SST Regression Algorithms for JPSS VIIRS. JGR, 119, 4580-4599, doi:10.1002/2013JD020637


  • Koner, P. K., A. Harris, and E. Maturi. "A Physical Deterministic Inverse Method for Operational Satellite Remote Sensing: An Application for Sea Surface Temperature Retrievals." IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 53, no. 11 (November 2015): 5872-88. doi:10.1109/TGRS.2015.2424219.


  • Ignatov, Alexander, Xinjia Zhou, Boris Petrenko, Xingming Liang, Yury Kihai, Prasanjit Dash, John Stroup, John Sapper, and Paul DiGiacomo. "AVHRR GAC SST Reanalysis Version 1 (RAN1)." Remote Sensing 8, no. 4 (April 9, 2016): 315. doi:10.3390/rs8040315.
  • Kurihara, Yukio, Hiroshi Murakami, and Misako Kachi. "Sea Surface Temperature from the New Japanese Geostationary Meteorological Himawari-8 Satellite." Geophysical Research Letters 43, no. 3 (February 16, 2016): 2015GL067159. doi:10.1002/2015GL067159.

Sea Surface Winds


(♦ - non-government website)

Subscribe to our mailing list
  Tell us how you use our data and products
Help us build better tools