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Row Type Variable Name Attribute Name Data Type Value
attribute NC_GLOBAL acknowledgement String The gridded data were generated from the multiple satellite observations of DOD, NOAA and NASA (and future others) and wind retrievals of the Remote Sensing Systems, Inc. (, using scientific methods such as objective analysis (OA). The OA is only truly objective when the needed statistics are completely known, which may not always be the case. The GFS0.25 Forecast wind directions and stresses were downloaded from the NOAA Operational Model Archive and Distribution System
attribute NC_GLOBAL cdm_data_type String Grid
attribute NC_GLOBAL comment String Global Blended 10m Ocean Surface Wind Stresses, Experimental Early Release Copy of near-real time data
attribute NC_GLOBAL contributor_name String Korak Saha, Huai-min Zhang
attribute NC_GLOBAL contributor_role String PI
attribute NC_GLOBAL Conventions String CF-1.7, ACDD-1.3, COARDS
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_email String ncei.seawinds at
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_institution String US DOC; NOAA; National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service; National Centers for Environmental Information
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_name String NCEI
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL creator_url String (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_created String 2023-02-03T03:47:09.596715Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_metadata_modified String 2023-02-03T03:47:09.597989Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL date_modified String 2023-02-03T03:47:09.596766Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL Easternmost_Easting double 359.75
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_bounds String POLYGON ((0 -89.75, 0 89.75, 359.75 89.75, 359.75 -89.75, 0 -89.75))
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_bounds_crs String EPSG:4326
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_max double 89.75
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_min double -89.75
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_resolution double 0.25
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lat_units String degrees_north
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_max double 359.75
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_min double 0.0
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_resolution double 0.25
attribute NC_GLOBAL geospatial_lon_units String degrees_east
attribute NC_GLOBAL grid_mapping_epsg_code String EPSG:4326
attribute NC_GLOBAL grid_mapping_inverse_flattening double 298.257223563
attribute NC_GLOBAL grid_mapping_name String latitude_longitude
attribute NC_GLOBAL grid_mapping_semi_major_axis double 6378137.0
attribute NC_GLOBAL history String Wed Aug 16 17:22:59 2023: ncks -m -A -C -v time ../../../data/6h-strs/2023/ ./\nSimple spatiotemporally weighted Interpolation (SI), V.1.2. Version 1.2 uses updated satellite retrievals by Remote Sensing System, released in September 2006: SSMI V06, TMI V04, QSCAT V03a. AMSRE V05 was also updated using the new SSMI rain rate. V2.0 uses updated retrievals by Remote Sensing System, released in 2017: SSMI V07, TMI V07.1, QSCAT V04, AMSRE V07 and AMSR2 v08.2 released in 2021.
attribute NC_GLOBAL history_of_appended_files String Wed Aug 16 17:22:59 2023: Appended file ../../../data/6h-strs/2023/ had following \"history\" attribute:\nSimple spatiotemporally weighted Interpolation (SI), V.1.2. Version 1.2 uses updated satellite retrievals by Remote Sensing System, released in September 2006: SSMI V06, TMI V04, QSCAT V03a. AMSRE V05 was also updated using the new SSMI rain rate. V2.0 uses updated retrievals by Remote Sensing System, released in 2017: SSMI V07, TMI V07.1, QSCAT V04, AMSRE V07 and AMSR2 v08.2 released in 2021.\n
attribute NC_GLOBAL id String tauxy_6hourly20230202
attribute NC_GLOBAL infoUrl String
attribute NC_GLOBAL institution String NOAA/NCEI
attribute NC_GLOBAL instrument_vocabulary String NASA Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords version 10.2
attribute NC_GLOBAL keywords String 0.25-degree, 6-hourly, air-sea flux, air-sea interaction, atmosphere, atmospheric, binary, blended, centers, component, data, degree, downward, earth, Earth Science > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Winds > Wind Stress, eastward, ekman pumping, ekman transport, environmental, hour, hourly, identifier, information, lake, land, land/ocean/lake/river/model, land_binary_mask, mask, model, national, ncei, nesdis, noaa, northward, ocean, ocean upwelling, ocean winds, river, science, sea, sea surface winds, sea winds, stress, surface, surface_downward_eastward_stress, surface_downward_northward_stress, taux, tauy, time, version, wind, wind stress, wind-driven circulation, winds, windstress, x-component, y-component, zlev
attribute NC_GLOBAL keywords_vocabulary String GCMD Science Keywords
attribute NC_GLOBAL license String These data are publically available for use with citation of this data source.
attribute NC_GLOBAL naming_authority String gov.noaa.ncei
attribute NC_GLOBAL NCO String netCDF Operators version 4.7.5 (Homepage =, Code =
attribute NC_GLOBAL Northernmost_Northing double 89.75
attribute NC_GLOBAL platform String DMSP 5D-2/F8,DMSP 5D-2/F10,DMSP 5D-2/F11,DMSP 5D-2/F13,DMSP 5D-2/F14,DMSP 5D-3/F15, DMSP 5D-3/F16, DMSP 5D-3/F17, TRMM, QUIKSCAT, AQUA, GCOM-W1, METOP-A, METOP-B, GPM, CORIOLIS, SMAP
attribute NC_GLOBAL platform_vocabulary String NASA Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords version 10.2
attribute NC_GLOBAL processing_level String NOAA L4
attribute NC_GLOBAL product_version String V2.0
attribute NC_GLOBAL program String NOAA/NCEI Satellite Oceanography Product Area
attribute NC_GLOBAL project String NOAA/NCEI Satellite Oceanography Product Area - Blended Sea Winds
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_email String,
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_institution String NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_name String NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_type String institution
attribute NC_GLOBAL publisher_url String (external link)
attribute NC_GLOBAL references String and Zhang, H.-M., J. J. Bates, and R. W. Reynolds, 2006: Assessment of composite global sampling: Sea surface wind speed, Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L17714,
attribute NC_GLOBAL source String Multiple satellite observations: DMSP SSMI F08, F10, F11, F13, F14 F15, F16, F17; TMI; QuikSCAT; AMSR-E; AMSR2; ASCAT; GMI; WINDSAT; SMAP L-BAND RADAR; Direction from GFS0.25 Forecast
attribute NC_GLOBAL sourceUrl String (local files)
attribute NC_GLOBAL Southernmost_Northing double -89.75
attribute NC_GLOBAL standard_name_vocabulary String CF Standard Name Table v70
attribute NC_GLOBAL summary String This netCDF file  contains 0.25-degree globally gridded and 6-hourly ocean surface wind stresses created by the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) using wind directions estimated from GFS0.25 Forecast Wind vectors.The dataset covers from July 1987 to present with quasi-daily updates. Averaged daily and monthly data are also available. Details can be found at
attribute NC_GLOBAL time_coverage_duration String P1DT6H
attribute NC_GLOBAL time_coverage_end String 2023-03-05T18:00:00Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL time_coverage_resolution String P1DT6H
attribute NC_GLOBAL time_coverage_start String 2023-01-01T00:00:00Z
attribute NC_GLOBAL title String Sea Surface Wind Stress, NOAA NCEI blended 6 hour averaged 0.25° Version 2.0, Near Real-time (last ~45 days), 6 hour
attribute NC_GLOBAL Westernmost_Easting double 0.0
dimension time double nValues=240, evenlySpaced=false, averageSpacing=6h 24m 6s
attribute time _CoordinateAxisType String Time
attribute time actual_range double 1.6725312E9, 1.6780392E9
attribute time axis String T
attribute time calendar String gregorian
attribute time coverage_content_type String coordinate
attribute time ioos_category String Time
attribute time long_name String Center Time of the Data
attribute time standard_name String time
attribute time time_origin String 01-JAN-1970 00:00:00
attribute time units String seconds since 1970-01-01T00:00:00Z
dimension zlev float nValues=1, onlyValue=10.0
attribute zlev actual_range float 10.0, 10.0
attribute zlev axis String Z
attribute zlev coverage_content_type String coordinate
attribute zlev ioos_category String Location
attribute zlev long_name String height above sea level
attribute zlev positive String up
attribute zlev standard_name String altitude
attribute zlev units String meters
attribute zlev valid_max float 10.0
dimension latitude float nValues=719, evenlySpaced=true, averageSpacing=0.25
attribute latitude _CoordinateAxisType String Lat
attribute latitude actual_range float -89.75, 89.75
attribute latitude axis String Y
attribute latitude coverage_content_type String coordinate
attribute latitude grids String uniform grids from -89.75 to 89.75 by 0.25
attribute latitude ioos_category String Location
attribute latitude long_name String Latitude
attribute latitude standard_name String latitude
attribute latitude units String degrees_north
attribute latitude valid_max float 89.75
attribute latitude valid_min float -89.75
dimension longitude float nValues=1440, evenlySpaced=true, averageSpacing=0.25
attribute longitude _CoordinateAxisType String Lon
attribute longitude actual_range float 0.0, 359.75
attribute longitude axis String X
attribute longitude coverage_content_type String coordinate
attribute longitude grids String uniform grids from 0.00 to 359.75 by 0.25
attribute longitude ioos_category String Location
attribute longitude long_name String Longitude
attribute longitude standard_name String longitude
attribute longitude units String degrees_east
attribute longitude valid_max float 359.75
attribute longitude valid_min float 0.0
variable x_tau float time, zlev, latitude, longitude
attribute x_tau colorBarMaximum double 0.5
attribute x_tau colorBarMinimum double -0.5
attribute x_tau ioos_category String Wind
variable y_tau float time, zlev, latitude, longitude
attribute y_tau colorBarMaximum double 0.5
attribute y_tau colorBarMinimum double -0.5
attribute y_tau ioos_category String Wind
variable mask int time, zlev, latitude, longitude
attribute mask _FillValue int -9999
attribute mask colorBarMaximum double 150.0
attribute mask colorBarMinimum double 0.0
attribute mask coverage_content_type String auxiliaryInformation
attribute mask ioos_category String Identifier
attribute mask long_name String Blended Wind land/ocean/lake/river/model mask
attribute mask mask_values String 0=land, 1=ocean, 2=lake, 3=river, 6=model
attribute mask standard_name String land_binary_mask
attribute mask units String degrees


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