Level 3

Level-3 data products which are mapped on uniform space-time grid scales, usually with some completeness and consistency

Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery (NRCS)

Product Families
Sea Surface Roughness
Summary

Spaceborne Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) imagery maps the surface microwave radar reflectivity at resolutions from a sub-meter to 100 m depending on the particular SAR satellite and mode. Since a radar provides its own illumination, imagery is independent of the time of day. At typical radar frequencies, SARs can image through clouds, so SARs are considered "all-weather" instruments.  Several gephysical parameters can be derived from SAR including sea surface wind speed.

Vector Winds OSCAT-2 SCATSAT-1

Product Families
Sea Surface Winds
Summary

Ocean Surface Vector Winds (OSVW; magnitude and direction) from the Ocean Scatterometer (OSCAT) on SCATSAT-1.

Vector Winds ASCAT Metop-A/B/C

Product Families
Sea Surface Winds
Summary

Ocean Surface Vector Winds (OSVW; magnitude and direction) from the Advanced Scatterometer (ASCAT) on Metop-A, Metop-B, and Metop-C.  Metop-A was decommissioned November 15, 2021.

Synthetic Aperture Radar (Surface Roughness) Winds

Product Families
Sea Surface Roughness
Sea Surface Winds
Summary

Spaceborne Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) imagery maps the surface microwave radar reflectivity at resolutions from a sub-meter to 100 m depending on the particular SAR satellite and mode. Since a radar provides its own illumination, imagery is independent of the time of day. At typical radar frequencies, SARs can image through clouds, so SARs are considered "all-weather" instruments.  Several geophysical parameters can be derived from SAR including sea surface wind speed.

VIIRS (SNPP) Level 3

Product Families
Sea Surface Temperature
Summary

NOAA CoastWatch / OceanWatch / PolarWatch produces Level 3 sea surface temperature datasets using the VIIRS sensor aboard the SNPP satellite. 

AVHRR (MetOp-1/2) Level 2/3

Product Families
Sea Surface Temperature
Summary

NOAA CoastWatch / OceanWatch / PolarWatch produces Level 2/3 sea surface temperature datasets using AVHRR sensors aboard the Metop 1/2 satellites. 

NOAA Geo-Polar Blended Global Sea Surface Temperature Analysis (Level 4)

Product Families
Sea Surface Temperature
Summary

The NOAA geo-polar blended SST is a daily 0.05¬į (~5km) global high resolution satellite-based sea surface temperature (SST) Level-4 analyses generated on an operational basis. This analysis combines¬†SST¬†data from US, Japanese and European geostationary infrared imagers, and low-earth orbiting infrared (U.S. and European)¬†SST¬†data, into a single high-resolution 5-km product.¬† The three flavors of blended SST products are night only; day/night, and diurnal warming.¬†

ACSPO Global SST from VIIRS

Product Families
Sea Surface Temperature
Summary

These VIIRS SST data are produced using the NOAA Advanced Clear-Sky Processor for Ocean (ACSPO) SST system, from the afternoon NPP, N20 and N21 satellites, in two formats: L2P and L3U (uncollated). The data are reported in 10 min granule files in NetCDF4 format, compliant with the GHRSST Data Specifications v2 (GDS2). For each satelite, there are 144 granules per 24 hr interval, with a total data volume of ~7.1 GB/day for L2P, and ~0.4 GB/day for L3U.

ACSPO Global SST from MODIS

Product Families
Sea Surface Temperature
Summary

The ACSPO MODIS SST data are produced from Terra and Aqua satellites using the NOAA Advanced Clear-Sky Processor for Ocean (ACSPO) enterprise system (Ignatov et al., 2016). Complete archive of ACSPO MODIS SST data is available for both the Terra (24 Feb 2000 - present) and Aqua (4 July 2002 - present) missions in 0.02¬į L3C (level 3 collated) format. New data is added in delayed mode (DM) with a 2-month latency. ¬†The last orbital maintenance maneuvers for Aqua and Terra were performed on 27 Feb 2020 (Terra) and 18 Mar 2021 (Aqua) and their orbit has been drifting ever since. We do not recommend usage of ACSPO MODIS SST dated a year or later after each satellites' last orbital maintenance maneuver. For more recent SST data from low earth orbit satellites, we recommend the ACSPO VIIRS and AVHRR FRAC datasets.

ACSPO Global SST from AVHRR GAC

Product Families
Sea Surface Temperature
Summary

AVHRR GAC Reanalysis 2 (RAN2) dataset is an improved and extended version of AVHRR GAC RAN1 (Ignatov et al., 2016). RAN2 is produced from 5 AVHRR/2s (onboard N07/09/11/12/14) and 5 AVHRR/3s (N15/16/17/18/19) using the NOAA Advanced Clear-Sky Processor for Ocean (ACSPO) enterprise system v2.81. At the time of release, it covers from 1 Sep 1981 to 31 Dec 2021 and will be periodically extended as new L1b data from N15/18/19 arrive. Out of ten satellites, seven (N07/09/11/14/16/18/19) were initially launched into afternoon orbits (1:30pm/am), two (N12/15) into early-morning orbits (7:30pm/am), and one (N17) into mid-morning orbit (10am/pm). All NOAA orbits are not controlled and evolve in time. The RAN2 dataset is documented in (Petrenko et al. 2020 and 2021; Pryamitsyn et al. 2020)

ACSPO Global SST from AVHRR FRAC

Product Families
Sea Surface Temperature
Summary

The AVHRR FRAC SST data are produced from AVHRR/3s onboard Metop-A, -B and -C satellites using the NOAA Advanced Clear-Sky Processor for Ocean (ACSPO) v2.80 enterprise system, described in (Ignatov et al., 2016). Currently, near-real time (NRT) L2P and ¬†0.02¬į L3U (gridded uncollated) data for Metop-A, -B and -C is produced at STAR (with ~2 to 6hrs latency). The data are being archived at PO.DAAC, and also available at this CoastWatch page as a 2 weeks rotated buffer. Metop-A mission officially ended at 2021-11-15 and the production of the ACSPO SST for the Metop-A ended at 2021-11-14 due to data degradation on 2021-11-15.¬†

ACSPO Global SST from AHI

Product Families
Sea Surface Temperature
Summary

The AHI SST data are produced from Himawari-9 (Himawari-8 before 2022-Dec-13) geostationary satellite using the NOAA Advanced Clear-Sky Processor for Ocean (ACSPO) v2.90 enterprise system,(ACSPO v2.70 was used for Himawari-8). Currently, only near-real time (NRT) data are produced at STAR, with a 2-6 hour latency (typically closer to 2 hours). The data are available in NetCDF4 format, compliant with the GHRSST Data Specifications v2 (GDS2). The data for Himawari-8  was archived with PO.DAAC with start date 2019-Oct-16 and end date 2022-Dec-13. The  PO.DAAC archival of the Himawari-9 will start soon. The data is also available at this Coast Watch page as a 2week rotated buffer. There is a plan to reprocess the AHI data, for the full Himawari-8 and -9 missions.

ACSPO Global SST from ABI

Product Families
Sea Surface Temperature
Summary

The ABI SST data are produced from GOES-East (GOES-16) and GOES-West (at present GOES-18, before 2023/01/10 GOES-17) satellite using the NOAA Advanced Clear-Sky Processor for Ocean (ACSPO) v2.xx enterprise system. Currently, near-real time (NRT) data are produced at STAR, with a ~2-6 hour latency. A Reanalysis (RAN) dataset for GOES-16 is also available. The data are available in NetCDF4 format, compliant with the GHRSST Data Specifications v2 (GDS2). Currently, the data are archived on PO.DAAC and available at this Coast Watch page as a 2week rotated buffer.

VIIRS - Sea Ice Concentration, Ice Thickness, Ice Surface Temperature

Product Families
Polar Sea Ice
Summary

VIIRS Sea Ice Concentration, Sea Ice Thickness and Ice Surface Temperature NOAA CoastWatch/OceanWatch/PolarWatch Level 3, Daily and daily 4-day rolling merged, mapped composites in both polar stereographic projections and CW sector mapped for Northern and Southern hemispheres.

AMSR2 - Sea Ice Concentration

Product Families
Polar Sea Ice
Summary

NOAA CoastWatch / OceanWatch / PolarWatch Sea Ice Concentration, Level 3, daily and daily 4-day rolling merge, polar stereographic mapped composites -  AMSR-2

NOAA MSL12 Ocean Color - Science Quality - VIIRS SNPP

Product Families
Ocean Color
Summary

VIIRS Science Quality Ocean Color Level 2 (EDR) is produced by NOAA/STAR Ocean Color Team through NOAA Multi-Sensor Level 1 to Level 2 processing system (MSL12) using an improved calibration for the satellite data record (OC-SDR, which is Level 1b).  CoastWatch Level-3 composites, binned and mapped data products also available.

Ocean Color - Near Real Time - OLCI Sentinel-3A and 3B Regional Coverage

Product Families
Ocean Color
Summary

OLCI Sentinel-3A and 3B regional coverage (US coasts of interest, a.k.a. "CONUS" but including Hawaii) Level-3 mapped daily composites of ocean color remote sensing reflectances (Rrs(őĽ), chlorophyll-a concentration and derived water quality related products including diffuse attenuation coefficient at 490 nm (Kd490), ¬†normalized fluorescence line height (NLFH), and total suspended matter (TSM) from the EUMETSAT processing.

NOAA MSL12 Ocean Color - Near Real Time - VIIRS single-sensor SNPP and NOAA-20

Product Families
Ocean Color
Summary

Ocean Color Level 2 (EDR) is produced through NOAA Multi-Sensor Level 1 to Level 2 processing system (MSL12) from IDPS satellite data record (SDR, Level 1b).  Level 3 mapped and composite products are also available, now including a 2-sensor (VIIRS:  SNPP plus NOAA-20) merged daily chlorophyll and diffuse attenuation coefficients (Kd(490) and Kd(PAR) .

VIIRS single-sensor S-NPP and NOAA-20 Anomaly products

Product Families
Ocean Color
Summary

Near-real-time (NRT) global daily chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) anomaly products that can be used to detect and identify algae blooms from satellite ocean color measurements such as those from the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) onboard the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (SNPP) and NOAA-20. Specifically, the production of the two Chl-a anomaly products, one for the Chl-a anomaly in difference and another for the Chl-a anomaly ratio (actually, the proportional difference or relative difference; product is labelled "pdif" in the files) compared to the 61-day Chl-a median value from the previous time period (as a Chl-a reference), has been implemented in the daily global NRT satellite data processing. These two Chl-a anomaly products represent the global ocean and coastal/inland water Chl-a abnormal condition for a given location and can provide more complete characteristics for the daily phytoplankton (or algae) biomass status by comparing to the normal condition. 

True Color OLCI Sentinel-3A/B

Product Families
True Color Imagery
Summary

OLCI true color products are generated from atmospheric corrected rho_s bands.  Data are available in mapped 300m regions in near real-time CoastWatch HDF format and are compatible with the CoastWatch Utilities. 

True Color VIIRS S-NPP/NOAA-20

Product Families
True Color Imagery
Summary

True color bands are provided from VIIRS on both S-NPP and NOAA-20 VIIRS spacecraft.  These top-of-atmosphere products are generated from the emissive bands (M-bands) for wavelengths corresponding to Red, Green, and Blue and are provided in CoastWatch HDF and PNG daily composite mapped regions

Seviri (MSG) - Geostationary - Level 3

Product Families
Sea Surface Temperature
Summary

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Office of Satellite Data Processing and Distribution are generating operational sea surface temperature (SST) retrievals from the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites GOES-East and West. The generation of SSTs began with GOES-8 in 2000 and has continued to be generated through GOES-15

NOAA CoastWatch co-gridded VIIRS SST from ACSPO

Product Families
Sea Surface Temperature
Summary

NOAA CoastWatch co-gridded VIIRS SST products are Level 3 daily composites in compatible format and projection with other CoastWatch Level 3 sector and global products (such as CoastWatch sector VIIRS ocean color).  Twenty four CoastWatch sector files mapped to equatorial projection that cover the globe (see Description tab for sector definitions) two polar stereographic sectors in 750 m nominal, native resolution and a global, 4 km resolution, single file mapped product is also available. These CoastWatch Level 3 products are generated from ACSPO L2P SST as input.

ACSPO Global 0.02¬ļ Gridded Super-collated SST and Thermal Fronts from Low-Earth-Orbiting Platforms (L3S-LEO)

Product Families
Sea Surface Temperature
Summary

NOAA Advanced Clear-Sky Processor for Ocean (ACSPO) L3S-LEO SST is a family of multisensor gridded ("L3") 0.02¬ļ resolution super-collated ("S") products. The L3S-LEO family is organized into three lines: PM, AM and Daily. The AM and PM lines¬†correspond¬†to 9:30am/pm and 1:30am/pm equator crossing times, respectively.¬†The¬†Daily line¬†combines PM and AM (day and night) SSTs into a single daily L3S SST that is normalized to 1:30am viewing conditions.

Sea Surface Salinity - Near Real Time - MIRAS SMOS

Product Families
Sea Surface Salinity
Summary

CoastWatch/OceanWatch¬†produces 0.25-degree longitude/latitude Level-3 gridded sea-surface salinity (SSS) daily and 3-day mean datasets by box averaging European Space Agency (ESA)¬†Soil Moisture ‚Äď Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission‚Äôs Microwave Imaging Radiometer with Aperture Synthesis (MIRAS) satellite observations over the global ocean.

Sea Surface Salinity - Near Real Time - SMAP

Product Families
Sea Surface Salinity
Summary

CoastWatch/OceanWatch produces 0.25-degree longitude/latitude Level-3 gridded sea-surface salinity (SSS) daily mean dataset by box averaging Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) satellite observations over the global ocean.